According to the 2011 Uganda Demographic Health survey, increasing to improved drinking water is one of the targets of the National Development Plan II. Access to improved drinking water is also one of the Sustainable Development Goals that Uganda has adopted. Unimproved water sources increase the prevalence of Waterborne Diseases and the burden of service delivery through increased demand for health care. Date also indicate that 9 out of 10 households use improved source in urban areas compared to 2 in 3 households in rural areas.
Luwero, Nakasongola and Nakaseke districts are located in the cattle corridor where the land is mainly dry and very prone to frequent water shortages.
Luwero and Nakaseke districts have a total of 1182 domestic water points (boreholes, spring wells. Rainwater harvesting tanks etc.) of which 39 sources have been non-functional for over 6 years and considered abandoned.
The main water supply technologies are the deep borehole and shallow well technologies. Luwero district has three ground water based pumped piped water supply system serving approximately 23% of the population, while 775 is served by other water sources. Access rate vary from 32% in Kamira Sub County to 78% in Luwero town council (District Water Offices 2014). However, even these sources are very few and located near the main roads and towns.
In Nakaseke as a district, the main water source supply are the dams and a few drilled boreholes. The communities located further, deep in the districts, lack enough sources of safe water and in most cases share water from local open wells with their animals. The important factor related to the access of a safe water source is that the burden of fetching water often falls disproportionately on children and female members of their households. till in rural areas, 59% do not treat their drinking water.
At Mazzi Health Center II, CGC set up two rain water harvesting tanks. Patients and nurses have stopped walking long distances to collect water for use. At Rwoma Primary School in Kinyogoga sub-county, Nakaseke District., CGC ended the long suffering of children and teachers of sharing water with animals from a nearby pond. CGC constructed a borehole: it provides clean and safe water to 230 children and 33 households in the nearby Rwoma Township and surrounding villages. Another water source was donated in Kirinda Primary School in Wakyato S/C Nakaseke District and this is another water source that is directly helping school-going children in access to clean water.
However, in Nakaseke, the community is also accessing this water as a drinking source. During the dry seasons this can affect the school, as the water source becomes depleted much more quickly. The project also went ahead to donate another water source in Kamira S/C at Kyangabakama P/S with a total population of 486 pupils (220 boys, 266 girls). This also benefits a total of 17 households that stay nearby.
The project also donated another drilled borehole in Magoma R/C and his water source serve a total of 473 children (222 boys, 251 girls & 8 teachers) as well as a total of 37 households as secondary beneficiaries. CGC, with the support of the Drop Foundation has drilled another borehole in Luwero S/C at St. Mary’s Ndagga P/S with a total of 411 children (199 boys, 212 girls) and a total of 28 households as secondary beneficiaries.
CGC plans to provide water filter systems across all four partner schools of Kalinabiri, Mazzi, Kiwoko and Luwero Secondary Schools, to ensure that they are able to perform to their fullest potential. Safe drinking water is essential for people to live happy, healthy and productive lives. Unsafe drinking water can cause serious illnesses like cholera, typhoid, parasites, worms and diarrhea.
This perturbs stability of children while at school and causes absenteeism and, in the long run, poor performance. Although boiling water for drinking is a common method of water treatment in Uganda, it is rarely boiled in the large school communities and very few households have adopted that method.
Most schools and households where CGC beneficiaries come from do not boil drinking water and are therefore victims of the above mentioned diseases. CGC believes that if she partners with Impact Water, to provide 12 water filters in the 12 partner schools, provide water filters for 221 CGC beneficiaries and 19 filters for the CGC staff, CGC will therefore be able to avail safe drinking water to over 3600 pupils, 1105 beneficiary family members and over 95 staff family members.
Details of the proposed school for boreholes
1. Mbale SDA Primary School 2. Ndibulungi Primary School
The project, therefore, aims at providing school children access to safe water and improved sanitation and hygiene. As a matter of concern, CGC believes that giving vulnerable school children the opportunity to access safe drinking water and improved sanitation at school is one of the most fundamental rights that can lead to improvement in their welfare and accelerate academic performance as well as community development. Among the services the project will deliver in relation to the problem at hand is providing safe drinking water for children at school in partnership with Impact Water and sensitizing communities on family hygiene and sanitation. The Drop Foundation embarked on providing safe and clean water to children for different communities in its areas of operation. In Mazzi SS. 250 students and 26 teachers access safe and clean water as a result of 8,000 liter water tank set up by CGC.